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What Happens When An Ovarian Cyst Bursts?

While it is not normal, ovarian cysts can and do burst sometimes.  To women, this is generally one of their biggest concerns they have once the discovery of ovarian cysts has been made and many wonder what exactly happens if one ovarian cyst should burst.

Severe pain that will usually radiate from the lower abdomen to the pelvic area is what women will most likely experience when an ovarian cyst bursts. The degree of pain felt by each person is affected by what happens when the ovarian cyst bursts. There are many contributing factors such as any infection of the cyst, any bleeding of the cyst, and what elements made up the cyst.

Individuals who experience the sharp pain of a burst ovarian cyst must immediately rush to a hospital for appropriate treatment. This acute pain is caused by the irritation of the lining of the peritoneal cavity known as the peritoneum.  The peritoneum can be irritated by blood or the contents of the cyst. The cyst can also have a high concentration of prostaglandins, which can cause inflammation and cause even more pain to women with ovarian cysts, both directly and indirectly.

Unlike what happens when an ovarian cyst bursts, when a regular follicle ruptures and releases an egg under the normal menstruation pattern, women usually experience no pain. This causes some to draw comparisons between the normal release of the egg and the bursting of an ovarian cyst. However, when a follicle ruptures, it causes very little bleeding because it is so small. Ovarian cysts can reach between 5 cm to 10 cm in diameter.

After an ovarian cyst bursts the fluid that is released, possibly causing a good ammount of bleeding in the area due to it’s location to a high number of nearby blood vessles.  It then only takes 10ml of lost blood in the area of the peritoneum to cause irritation because of the number of nerve endings it has causing allot of pain to women suffering from ovarian cysts.  In comparison, the peritoneum is tender, requiring only a 10ml change in pressure, when the average blood donor usually looses five to twenty ml of blood and the only pain they feel is the initial prick of the needle.

An ovarian cyst does not usually rupture since most ovarian cysts usually goes away on their own. In this case, the fluid found inside the ovarian cyst is reabsorbed, causing the ovarian cyst to collapse. Most ovarian cysts do not burst and merely disappear on their own after a few menstrual cycles.

Concern about the risks and what happens when an ovarian cyst bursts is to be expected from women who have ovarian cysts.  While extremely painful, it is hardly ever a immediate threat to your life.  Needless to say, if your a woman who is having this happen to you it would still be wise to go to the hospital or to your family doctor if you can and have yourself checked out.


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August 31st, 2008 by Rhia