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Ovarian Cysts During Pregnancy

An ovarian cyst consists of a structure that is fluid-filled and usually causes no harm and has no symptoms. These types of cysts are actually quite common in women, even those who are pregnant. It has been found that 1 in about 1,000 women will get ovarian cysts during pregnancy.

Many ovarian cysts found during the course of a pregnancy are not malignant and it is quite uncommon for a pregnant woman to get ovarian cancer. A medical practitioner will conduct an ultrasound to determine if an ovarian cyst is cancerous or non-cancerous. A benign cyst appears as a fluid-filled sac without any thick walls of separation. Even so, an ultrasound cannot determine if a cyst is malignant with 100 percent accuracy.

Even though a ovarian cyst that has grown quite large is not usually a health concern, it can lead to health complications for a pregnant woman.  When the same thing happens to someone who is not pregnant it can cause extreme pain.  But if that same ovarian cyst ruptures or twists inside of a pregnant woman it can problems like pre-term labor or even possibly a miscarriage.

Ovarian cysts generally do not pose a threat to the health of a pregnant woman unless the cyst grows and breaks apart. Even when an ovarian cyst ruptures, infection is unlikely. Pain can result from a rupturing cyst, however. Using pain relievers can lessen the pain and will not interfere with pregnancy. Even with an ovarian cyst during pregnancy, anesthesia can still be used throughout labor. Therefore, ovarian cysts without further issues do not present concerns to pregnancy.

If a cyst becomes too large and twists, it will have to be surgically removed. Though a surgery will not harm the baby and cause any strain on the pregnancy, it is best to avoid removing a cyst and having a surgery during a pregnancy. On the other hand, ovarian cysts larger than 6 through 8 cm are often surgically removed unless they spontaneously shrink over the course of time.

Bear in mind that if they are big enough ovarian cysts during pregnancy will probably rupture. Most doctors simply keep an eye on the situation until the second trimester.  If warranted and depending on the size, ovarian cysts can be removed either by laparoscopy or open incision.

All in all, ovarian cysts are certainly possible during pregnancy and although they should be monitored, ovarian cysts during pregnancy are usually just as harmless as they are when a woman is not pregnant.


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September 20th, 2008 by Rhia